Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Update & Expert Q&A

Prenatal alcohol exposure is the most common preventable cause of developmental disabilities and birth defects. 1 The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) represent the range of cognitive, physical, emotional, and behavioral abnormalities that can …

Origen: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Update & Expert Q&A

Better genetic decoding of neurodevelopmental disorders

Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are a group of frequent and often severe pediatric conditions that can manifest, for example, as intellectual disability, autism or early-onset psychiatric symptoms. The recent development of higher resolution …

Origen: Better genetic decoding of neurodevelopmental disorders

Semillero tecno: un equipo de la UTN desarrolló una app para chicos con autismo

Un grupo de estudiantes y graduados de la carrera de Ingeniería en Sistemas de Información de la Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN) Buenos Aires desarrolló Pspecs, una aplicación para niños que conviven con TEA (Trastorno del Espectro Autista), con la que llegaron a ser finalistas del concurso de apps del Enacom.

Pinpointing the Origins of Autism

Summary: Researchers identify network inefficiencies in the auditory cortex by the age of 6 months in infants who go on to be diagnosed with autism.Researchers identify network inefficiencies in the auditory cortex by the age of 6 months in infants who go on to be diagnosed with autism.

Origen: Pinpointing the Origins of Autism

Is ADHD Really a Sleep Problem?

Around 75% of children and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) also have sleep problems, but until now these have been thought to be separate issues. Now a in a pulling together of the latest research, Scientists are proposing of a new theory which says that much of ADHD may in fact be a problem associated with lack of regular circadian sleep.

Origen: Is ADHD Really a Sleep Problem?

Parenting and Cortisol in Infancy Interactively Predict Conduct Problems and Callous–Unemotional Behaviors in Childhood

This study examines observed maternal sensitivity, harsh-intrusion, and mental-state talk in infancy as predictors of conduct problems (CP) and callous–unemotional (CU) behaviors in middle childhood, as well as the extent to which infants’ resting cortisol and cortisol reactivity moderate these associations.

Origen: Parenting and Cortisol in Infancy Interactively Predict Conduct Problems and Callous–Unemotional Behaviors in Childhood

Eight important neuropsychological syndromes you’ve probably never heard of

By Christian Jarrett Studying people who have brain damage or illness has been hugely important to progress in psychology. The approach is akin to reverse engineering: study how things go wrong when particular regions of the brain are compromised and it provides useful clues as to how those regions usually contribute to healthy mental function.

Origen: Eight important neuropsychological syndromes you’ve probably never heard of

Problemas de sueño y funcionamiento diario en niños con TDAH: Una investigación sobre el papel del deterioro, presentaciones del TDAH y comorbilidad psiquiátrica

Resumen Existe poca información sistemática sobre cómo los problemas del sueño influyen en el funcionamiento diurno en niños con TDAH, ya que el papel de las presentaciones del TDAH y la comorbilidad no está clara. En total, 397 niños fueron evaluados con el Cuestionario de Hábitos de Dormir de los Niños, la Escala de Evaluación de Deterioro Funcional de Weiss y la Escala de Clasificación de TDAH.

Origen: Problemas de sueño y funcionamiento diario en niños con TDAH: Una investigación sobre el papel del deterioro, presentaciones del TDAH y comorbilidad psiquiátrica

Prenatal developmental origins of behavior and mental health: the influence of maternal stress in pregnancy

Accumulating research shows that prenatal exposure to maternal stress increases the risk for behavioral and mental health problems later in life. This review systematically analyzes the available human studies to identify harmful stressors, vulnerable periods during pregnancy, specificities in the outcome and biological correlates of the relation between maternal stress and offspring outcome. Effects of maternal stress on offspring neurodevelopment, cognitive development, negative affectivity, difficult temperament and psychiatric disorders are shown in numerous epidemiological and case-control studies. Offspring of both sexes are susceptible to prenatal stress but effects differ. There is not any specific vulnerable period of gestation; prenatal stress effects vary for different gestational ages possibly depending on the developmental stage of specific brain areas and circuits, stress system and immune system. Biological correlates in the prenatally stressed offspring are aberrations in neurodevelopment, neurocognitive function, cerebral processing, functional and structural brain connectivity involving amygdalae and (pre)frontal cortex, changes in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis and autonomous nervous system.

Origen: Prenatal developmental origins of behavior and mental health: the influence of maternal stress in pregnancy

¿Cómo saber si un tratamiento tiene evidencia científica?

¿Qué necesitamos para que un tratamiento se pueda recomendar desde el punto de vista de la rehabilitación clínica? Según la «OEI» (2015), un tratamiento es un conjunto de medios que se utilizan para aliviar o curar una enfermedad, llegar a la esencia de aquello que se desconoce o transformar algo.

Origen: ¿Cómo saber si un tratamiento tiene evidencia científica?