Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is typically associated with problems in social communication and interaction, combined with restrictive and repetitive interests, behaviors, and activities. In addition, individuals with ASD often experience sensory abnormalities and have difficulties with perceptual organization, which can affect other aspects of information processing, such as attention, and perception of faces and motion.
Background Studies have reported increases in clinically diagnosed and treated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during the last decade, but it is unclear if this reflects an increase in the underlying ADHD phenotype.
Background While maternal depression is known to carry long-term negative consequences for offspring, very few studies followed children longitudinally to address markers of resilience in the context of maternal depression. We focused on oxytocin (OT) and mother–child synchrony – the biological and behavioral arms of the neurobiology of affiliation – as correlates of resilience among children of depressed mothers.
A new study of the genetic factors associated with ASD draws attention to the impact autism can have on motor skills and cognitive function.
En la actualidad, se encuentra bastante bien establecido que los tratamientos con mayor evidencia para el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH), son los de corte conductual y aquellos que incluyen medicamentos con psicoestimulantes (Conners, 2002; Pelham & Fabiano, 2008; Evans, Owens & Bunford, 2014).
A previous paper from our lab (Shalom, 2009) presented evidence that the medial part of the prefrontal cortex is involved in the integration of raw, unintegrated information into coherent, wholistic mental representations such as perceptual objects, episodic memories, emotional states, and motor actions. It has used this analysis to classify some challenges encountered by people with Autism Spectrum Disorders, linking different types of difficulties in integration with different subareas of the medial prefrontal cortex. The current paper performs a similar analysis for the corresponding subareas of the lateral prefrontal cortex. It presents evidence that the lateral part of the prefrontal cortex is involved in the selection/inhibition of perceptual, memory, emotion, and motor aspects of processing. It then uses this analysis to classify challenges encountered by people with ADHD, linking different types of difficulties in selection/inhibition to different subareas of the lateral prefrontal cortex.
Muchos niños con autismo sufren falta de sueño o tienen un sueño irregular. Esto hace que sus padres estén normalmente agotados, física y emocionalmente. Los problemas de sueño afectan a un 70% de los niños con TEA mientras que la cifra es del 20% en el caso de los niños neurotípicos.
Origen: Autismo y trastornos del sueño